Pet Health
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5 Summer Dangers that Could Threaten Your Pet's Life
By Dr Karen Becker
There are five main categories of summertime dangers for companion animals:

Hazard #1: Heat
Your pet can overheat in a hurry. Dogs and cats can't regulate their body heat as efficiently as
humans can, because most of their sweat glands are confined to the pads of their feet. Panting is
your pet's primary means of regulating body temperature. Flat-faced pets can't pant as effectively as
breeds with longer noses, so they have even less ability to cool their bodies down.

In addition to overheating, your pet can also become dehydrated very rapidly. Make sure your pet
has a constant source of fresh, clean drinking water.

If your pet will be outside in the heat for any period, she should have access to a completely shaded
area and plenty of cool drinking water. Make sure your dog or cat is indoors when the temp climbs
to 90oF (32 oC) or above.

If you or your family spends time in the yard on summer days or evenings, and your dog (or
adventurous kitty) doesn't like being stuck indoors, you can turn on the hose or sprinkler to cool off
your pet. You can also fill a children's small plastic wading pool with water and encourage your pet
to sit or lie in it to cool off.

Exercise your dog either in the early morning or evening when the temperature is coolest. Try to
stay in the shade during daylight hours, and no matter the time of day, don't overdo outdoor
exercise or play sessions. Even on an overcast day or in the evening, a long period of physical
exertion in hot weather can cause heatstroke in your dog.

Don't allow your dog or cat to stand, walk or rest on hot outdoor surfaces like sidewalks or parking
lots. Your dog's or kitty's paws, belly or hindquarters can sustain burns from hot concrete. And
remember your pet is close to the ground and the ground is much hotter than the air. Just walking
on hot pavement can cause him to overheat.

Never under any circumstances leave your pet in a parked vehicle on a hot day. Your car or truck
cab can become a furnace very quickly, even with the windows open, and can cause a fatal case of
heatstroke in your beloved pet. Aside from the risk of serious illness or death, leaving pets
unattended in vehicles in hot weather is illegal in many states.

Hazard #2: Water
Many dog owners mistakenly believe their pet was born knowing how to swim – especially if it's a
sporting or hunting breed. While some dogs do know instinctively how to move in water the first
time they go in, most dogs get the hang of swimming only with repeated exposure to a pool, pond,
lake, etc.

You should introduce your dog gradually to water, and either go in with her the first few outings, or
be prepared to jump in to either encourage her or help her safely exit the water.

If you're going out on a boat with your dog, I recommend she have her own flotation equipment.
Even dogs who are strong swimmers can get hurt in the water or worn out from exertion. A
flotation device will keep her in view until you or someone else can get her to safety. If your dog
doesn't consistently respond when you call her, I suggest you attach a length of rope to her
flotation device so you can pull her in if you need to.

Hazard #3: Parties
Summertime is when many people host backyard pool parties and barbeques. There are holiday
celebrations at the start and end of the season and of course July 4th in the U.S. The warmer
months are also the time for block parties, picnics, family gatherings, and outdoor community events.

As much fun as the festivities are for the two-legged members of your family, it's best to keep pets
a safe distance from celebrations.

Take care not to lose a pet out a door or window left open during a party at your home. Keep dogs
and kitties away from people food, beverages, garbage, and decorations.

Don't leave your pet alone with unfamiliar children or even an irresponsible adult party guest or one
who's had too much to drink.

Unless your dog is very well trained on a lead, I don't recommend bringing him to outdoor
community events. Most pups are over-stimulated by all the new sights, sounds and especially the
smells of a large outdoor gathering and neither of you will have much fun if he's yanking at his leash
the whole time while you try to calm and control him.

Also keep in mind many dogs and cats are terrified of fireworks displays, so it's best to leave your pet
safely at home on the 4th of July. If neighbors are setting off their own backyard displays, keep your
pet home since the fireworks can cause a serious injury or be toxic to a curious dog or cat.

Hazard #4: Poisons
Many commonly used fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides are loaded with chemicals that can prove
toxic to pets. Same goes for rodent bait. Don't allow your dog or cat access to areas of your
garden, lawn, house or outbuildings where chemicals have been used. Take the same precautions
when walking your dog. Store all chemicals out of reach of your pet.

Remember to keep citronella candles, oil products and insect coils out of your pet's reach as well.

If you'll be doing any planting to brighten up your home or yard, before you stock up on seeds or
visit your local nursery, make sure you know
which plants, flowers and greenery are toxic to your
pet if ingested.

Call your vet or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435 immediately if you
suspect your dog or cat has swallowed a poisonous substance.

Hazard #5: Pests
Depending on where you live and your dog's or cat's lifestyle, you'll need to prepare to manage
summertime pet pests like fleas, ticks and mosquitoes.

In most cases, there are safe, effective ways to prevent or eradicate pest infestations that don't
involve dosing your pet with toxic chemicals.

If you live in an area where Lyme disease is endemic, be sure to read the article on the spread of
this disease. Also make sure to read the latest information on heartworm drug resistance and the
best way to keep your pet free of this disease.