ALL ABOUT DOGS and CATS Resource Center for Canine & Feline Lovers
Dog breeds are groups of closely related and visibly similar domestic dogs, which are
all of the subspecies Canis lupus familiaris, having characteristic traits that are selected
and maintained by humans, bred from a known foundation stock
The term dog breed may also be used to refer to natural breeds, which arose through time
in response to a particular environment which included humans, with little or no selective
breeding by humans. Such breeds are undocumented, and are identified by their appearance
and often by a style of working. Ancient dog breeds are some of the modern (documented)
descendants of such natural breeds.
The recognition of distinct dog breeds is maintained by a number of independent kennel clubs
that need not apply to scientific standards and are often inconsistent.
Dog breeds in the modern sense date only to the accurate documenting of pedigrees with the establishment of the English
Kennel Club in 1873, in imitation of other stud book registries for cattle and horses.
Some groups of dogs which clearly share a persistent set of characteristics and documented descent from a known foundation
stock may still not be recognized by all clubs as breeds.
Dog Breeds - A List of Dog Breeds A to Z